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When you hear about the town of Manassas in the U.S. state of Virginia, the first thing that comes to everyone’s mind is the American Civil War. Manassas is the only location where two major battles of the war took place. As the two wars made Manassas famous, it was not what originally built the town. What built the town was something that was a great aid to a Confederate General named Thomas Jackson. It aided him to ‘stand like a stone wall’. What helped him make that stand? What was a great help was the railroad. General Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson and his troops arrived in what is now Old Manassas. It was the first time in the history of the United States of America where the railroad was used for warfare, and it brought the troops to town where they march five miles to the battle. Yes, Manassas was established as Manassas Junction with the junction of the Manassas Gap Railroad and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The junction still remains, but it is now under the ownership of the Norfolk Southern Railway. The first military railroad in the nation also began in Manassas going north to Centreville, Virginia, but the railroad was short lived. On the first Saturday of June, Manassas celebrates its railroad heritage with a festival.
The old train station in Old Town Manassas was built in 1914. It still is an active train station today with regular Amtrak and Virginia Railway Express service and a waiting room for passengers. It also houses the town visitor center and has a small museum with a few artifacts. You can even stand in the old ticket masters window and get the same view as the ticket master did. The visitor center and museum are open from 9:00am to 5:00pm daily, and admission is free.
Next time you are in Manassas, Virginia, do not think of it as just a battle town but as a town established by the railroad that continues to keep its railroad heritage alive.
You have rail trails, and you have the Indian Head Rail Trail. It was once a rail line that connected the Naval Base in the town of Indian Head in the U.S. state of Maryland. Today, it is a leisurely along what was once a major supply railroad.
The Indian Head-White Plains Railroad was built to supply a power facility at the Indian Head Naval Facility, and it was a big asset during World War I and World War II. It connected the base with a spur line that served much of Southern Maryland with the Pennsylvania Railroad in Bowie, Maryland. Considering the distance the train traveled to get to the main line, it took a little while for the railroad to transport the power to other areas. With the American highway system growing to include roadways like U.S. Route 301 crossing the Potomac River south of the base and Maryland Route 210 connecting the base with the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge to the north, the railroad saw its demise, and the line was abandoned in the 1960’s.
In 2010, the Indian Head Rail Trail was born. Today, you can ride your bike or walk or jog along a trail that followed the rail line from Indian Head, Maryland to a point near the base to a location White Plains, Maryland just west of where is crossed U.S. Route 301. (The spur line is still active from the connection to the original Pennsylvania Railroad line in Bowie, Maryland mainly following U.S. Route 301 to a refinery on the Potomac River just east of the Potomac River Bridge. It is mainly used by coal trains.) At the White Plains Trailhead, you can see an old caboose painted in the colors of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway.
There are many parking areas along the trail. (Please note that there is no parking at the Indian Head trailhead. Parking is in a nearby park off Maryland Route 210.) It is paved making it accessible to wheelchairs as well.
Each section of the trail takes you by swamps and ponds with much wildlife. You can imagine what the engineers saw as they were supplying the U.S. Navy. You will not even notice that you are surrounded by development.
Next time you are Southern Maryland, make your way to either Indian Head or White Plains. Hike along a trail where trains once served the United States Navy.
Many people in the Washington D.C. / Northern, Virginia region are very familiar with the town of Culpeper in the U.S. state of Virginia. It is the county seat of the county of the same name. The town is rich with history of the American Civil War. The town is also in a region where most of historic sites in the United States of America is located. With so much history, it would be great to have a museum to tell the history of Culpeper. Well, the Museum of the Culpeper History was born. A visit to the Museum of Culpeper History is a must for anyone who enjoys history.
Some of you are saying, “This is quite amazing. I love historic towns. I have heard so much about Culpeper. However, the museum is about Culpeper and hot about the railroad. Therefore, I there will not be a history of me making a visit to this museum.”
Ladies and gentlemen, not making a visit to the Museum of Culpeper History is a big mistake. Why?
Yes, Culpeper is a town rich in history. It is also a town rich in railroad history. In Culpeper, the railroad played a big role in the American Civil War. It is said that Culpeper helped build the railroad and the railroad helped build Culpeper. The Orange and Alexandria Railroad arrived in 1853. Passengers enjoyed a twenty-minute dinner stop at a place known as the Waverly Hotel. The town grew into a major business and industrial town. When you visit the Museum of Culpeper History, you will see exhibits on how the railroad played a major role in the town’s history and development.
Some of you are saying, “Alright! You have given me enough reasons to visit the museum.”
But there is more. The museum is located in the old train station. Yes, this is the same train station built by the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. It shares the depot with the Culpeper Visitor Center and the Amtrak Station. Yes, you can still ride passenger trains from Culpeper. The museum also features an old caboose from the Southern Railroad.
If you are in the northern and central regions of the U.S. state of Virginia, the Museum of Culpeper History is worth a visit. You do not have to be a local to appreciate the museum.
The Museum of Culpeper History is located at 113 South Commerce Street inside the old train station in Culpeper, Virginia. Two hour and three hour is available at the depot giving you enough time to visit the museum and maybe grab a bite to eat. Admission is $5.00. The museum is wheelchair accessible. You can get more information at https://culpepermuseum.com/.
The next time you hear about the town of Culpeper, Virginia, think about a visit to the Museum of Culpeper History where the railroad played a big role in the town’s history.
The city of Reading in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania is a city that is commonly associated with the Reading Railroad, a railroad that once ran through much of eastern Pennsylvania. The Reading Railroad is long gone with tracks absorbed by other railroads or have become rail trails. The Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad runs freight service through northeastern Pennsylvania, but they also run a passenger train.
Although they are based in Port Clinton, Pennsylvania, the passenger train begins in Reading at a place called the ‘Outer Station’. When you arrive, you see old Number 225 on display next to an old water tower. Sadly, it will not be pulling the train. You also see an old yard tower with the platform down below. The train arrives at the station. You board the train. The train departs. You pass by freight cars as you pull out of the yard and depart the city of Reading. You pass through towns, by fields, over streams and rivers. You get views of the Schuylkill River. (This is the same Schuylkill River that flows into the Delaware River in Philadelphia.) You go under bridges, and you arrive in Port Clinton. Here is where you see the main yard and repair shops, and it is where the train picks up passengers. (The town itself is across the river.) From here, the train continues past more towns, more farms, and over more creeks, and then you arrive in the town of Tamaqua. You see the old train station (now a restaurant), and the train picks up more passengers.
Now some of you are saying, “And we go past more farms, bridges, towns. It is the same thing.”
But there is more. When the train departs Tamaqua, is passes by the homes and businesses when it leaves the town. It then comes upon a tunnel. You pass by more towns and fields, and then you get the best view of the trip. The train crosses the ‘One Story Trestle’. (No, it does not get the name because somebody told one story while crossing the trestle.) The train continues by more yards and coal mounds, and you arrive at the final destination. You arrive in the town of Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania.
Some of you are saying, “This is cool. We are now in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania. I wonder if Jim Thorpe will greet us when we arrive.”
Sadly, he passed away years ago. Yes, it is named after the famous Olympian. Although he is buried here and there is a monument to him here, it is unknown if he ever visited the town when he was alive. Unfortunately, the monument is not within walking distance of the station.
You arrive at the old Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal which remains at train station for the Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad as well as the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railroad, but it is also the town Visitor Center and a museum displaying the history of the town.
You are in the town of Jim Thorpe. What is there to do here?
Jim Thorpe is known as one of the best small towns in the United States of America. Be warned. While here, you may fall in love with the town. Diehard rail fans may choose to ride the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railroad which goes along the Lehigh River. Then again, some of you are thinking that you have been on a train and will not want to ride another train. Therefore, you can get a meal at the many great restaurants. There are many great galleries and shops. You can also get a tour of the Asa Packer Mansion, the home of Asa Packer, a man who helped bring the railroad to the town. You can visit Saint Marks Church. (Please note that you are required to climb steep hills to get to both locations. The mansion is not wheelchair accessible.) You can visit the old jail where a group of criminals known as the ‘Molly Maguires’ were hanged. (The old jail is a long walk from the station and is not wheelchair accessible.) There is also the Mauch Chunk Museum that tells the history of the town. After you stroll around, you will have to return to the train and depart the town.
The Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad passenger train is an enjoyable ride whether it is their rail diesel cars or cars being pulled by a locomotive. No matter where you board whether in Reading, Port Clinton, or Tamaqua, you will see great scenery along the way. You can go to https://www.rbmnrr-passenger.com/ to get more information on tickets, trains, boarding locations and the different excursions they run.
The U.S. state of Pennsylvania is known as the state where the United States of America began with the drafting and the signing of the Declaration of Independence at the Pennsylvania State House in the city of Philadelphia. (It is Independence Hall today.) The state is also known for its coal mines and factories in small towns. In the central part of the state, the East Broad Top Railroad was a narrow gauge railroad constructed in the 1870’s to connect the mines and factories to the main line in the top of Mount Union, Pennsylvania. This continued until the 1950’s where the rail service began to decline. The line was abandoned.
In 1960, the East Broad Top Railroad began running excursions trains, and the excursions trains continued until 2011. The line was abandoned for good.
Or was it?
The Friends of the East Broad Top Railroad purchased the property, and railroad excursions returned in 2020. The trains are running again.
The East Broad Top Railroad is the only narrow gauge railroad in the eastern United States and one of only a few east of the Mississippi. Along with the train rides, you can also take a shop tour to see the old round house and the repair shops.
The East Broad Top Railroad is located at 421 East Meadow Street (Pennsylvania Route 994) in Rockhill Furnace, Pennsylvania just west of U.S. Route 552. Parking is on site. You can read more into the railroad at https://eastbroadtop.com/.
The East Broad Top has returned. Come and take a ride on America’s most authentic narrow gauge railroad.
In the east-southeastern region of the U.S. state of West Virginia is a little town of Cass. Established in 1901 on the Greenbrier River, the small town was a booming company town for the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company that had a paper mill in the town. Joseph Kerr Cass was the vice president and cofounder of the company, and it is he who the town is named after. The town is surrounded by mountains and forests, and the lumber was used at the mill to make the paper. How was the lumber brought to the mill? It was brought by the train. The town was served by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, but a special rail line was built haul in the lumber from the mountain. In 1960, the mill closed. The town was no longer booming. The town of Cass, West Virginia became another ruined town.
Or did it?
In 1963, the state of West Virginia bought the railroad, and the Cass Scenic Railroad was born.
Some of you are saying, “I know the story. The train comes, picks up people, they go to a place and come back. It is the same old same old.”
Well, this same old same old is one of the most popular train rides in the United States of America, and it has attracted many people from foreign countries.
Some of you are saying, “Yes, but you see the West Virginia scenery.”
You do, but it is not just the beautiful exceptional beauty of the West Virginia mountains and forests that attract people to the Cass Scenic Railroad.
You arrive in Cass. You get your tickets. Then you wait. You hear a while. You see the steam. The train is coming. You see it coming around the bend but wait. The locomotive is going backwards and is pulling the train. The train pulls into the station. Things are strange. You board the train. The train pulls away from the station, but the rail cars are in front of the locomotive. What is happening?
The train departs from the old Chesapeake and Ohio Railway tracks, and you see the ruins of the old paper mill ( burned down in 1882) and the water tower that is still used to add water to the locomotives. You pass through the yard and by the shops where the railroad equipment is repaired. Then, you are out of the town. You arrive at the first railroad crossing, and you feel the power of the whistle, but the train is still pushing the cars up the mountain.
Some of you are saying, “This is very strange. Why does the train push the cars instead of pull them like other trains?”
As you ride along, the tracks get steeper. The locomotive pushes the cars is because the tracks get steep. If the locomotive pulled the cars and the cars accidentally detached, they would roll down the tracks with little ability to stop them and to keep them from derailing which results in a huge mess.
Anyway, you continue up the mountain until you reach the first switchback. What is a switchback? Because of the steepness of the mountain, the tracks could not be built continuously up the mountainside. With the switchback, the train pushes the cars past the switch. (A switch, also called an interlocking, is where trains go from one track to another.) The tracks are switched, and now the train pulls the cars up the steep grade.
Some of you are saying, “Wait a minute. I thought the locomotive had to push the cars up the mountain.”
In this situation, the locomotive, or locomotives if there is more than one, pulls the cars up. It arrives at another switchback, and it pushes the cars again. You then arrive at Whitaker Station. What is Whitaker Station? It was and old logging camp, and some of the old logging equipment to include those that ran on the rails is on display. There is also a picnic area and a snack bar.
Some of the trains stop here and return to Cass, but you did not come to ride the Cass Scenic Railroad just to go part of the way.
You continue up the steep mountain grade passing through the forest. You occasionally pass by an overlook and get a great view of the valley below. After a long ride, you come upon a spring. It is here where the locomotive gets water. Once the locomotive is filled, it continues to push the cars up the mountain. It keeps pushing until, you reached the spot. What is the spot? It is Bald Knob, the third highest point in the state of West Virginia. The tracks end here, but when you walk over to the overlook, the views are never ending.
Sadly, it is time for the train to return to Cass. You board the train, and the locomotive carries the weight of the cars as it goes down the mountain. You arrive in Cass. The trip is over.
The Cass Scenic Railroad is part of the Cass Scenic Railroad State Park and is owned by the West Virginia State Rail Authority, and it is operated by the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad who also owns and operates the New Tygart Flyer, the Cheat Mountain Salamander, and the Mountain Explorer Dinner trains out of Elkins, West Virginia, and it also operates the Durbin Rocket which has been relocated to Cass from the town of Durbin, West Virginia and runs along the old Chesapeake and Ohio Railway line north of Cass along the Greenbrier River. You can ride the train to Whitaker Station, Bald Knob, and select trips to the site of the town of Spruce Knob, a town that was only accessible by train. The state park along features the original general store that is open during the operating season. It features a museum that tells the story of Cass and the railroad during the days as a company and logging town. You can see the old mill (now in ruins). If you need to spend the night, some of the old company workers houses are available to rent. There is also the Greenbrier River Trail that runs along the old route of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway south of Cass. The trail takes you across the old railroad bridges and through the original tunnels, and you will get many great views of the Greenbrier River. Please be advised that the region is in a wi-fi free zone due to the nearby Green Bank Radio Observatory making your cell phones and iPhones useless.
The Cass Scenic Railroad State Park is located in Cass, West Virginia and is main accessible by West Virginia Route 66 which is a windy road between West Virginia Routes 28 and 92 in Green Bank and U.S. Route 219 and West Virginia Route 55 in Snowshoe. The Cass Scenic Railroad only runs from late May to late October, but there are plans to run the Durbin Rocket year-round. If you like, you can even spend a night in a caboose. The old houses are available to rent year-round. You can get more information at https://mountainrailwv.com/.
A ride on the Cass Scenic Railroad is a ride you will remember for a long time. Even if the trains are not running, a visit to the town will take you back in time.