The Holocaust Memorial, Baltimore, Maryland

Many people will say that one of the worst genocides in history is Adolph Hitler’s attempt to destroy the Jewish nation in Europe and throughout the world.  Millions of innocent people who had done nothing against Adolph Hitler or the Nazi’s were put to death.  Sadly, to many railroad fans, the railroad played a major role as the Jewish people were shoved and packed into wooden box cars and taken to the concentration camps to be murdered. The Nazi’s were defeated in World War II bringing an end to this atrocity.  Many memorials and museum were erected around the world to remember what happened to these people.  One of these memorials is the Holocaust Memorial in Baltimore, Maryland.

As you walk through the memorial, you will feel the impact of what happened to the Jewish people.  Imbedded in the ground are railroad tracks to remember how the railroad played a role in this atrocity.  Please note that some of the images at this memorial are very disturbing.

The Holocaust Memorial in Baltimore in the U.S. state of Maryland in located at the intersection of Lombard Street and Gay Street.  It is just a few blocks north of the Inner Harbor.  The memorial is free to visit and is open twenty-four hours a day.  Only street parking is available, and the memorial is wheelchair accessible.

The Museum of Culpeper History, Culpeper, Virginia

Many people in the Washington D.C. / Northern, Virginia region are very familiar with the town of Culpeper in the U.S. state of Virginia.  It is the county seat of the county of the same name.  The town is rich with history of the American Civil War.  The town is also in a region where most of historic sites in the United States of America is located.  With so much history, it would be great to have a museum to tell the history of Culpeper.  Well, the Museum of the Culpeper History was born.  A visit to the Museum of Culpeper History is a must for anyone who enjoys history.

Some of you are saying, “This is quite amazing.  I love historic towns.  I have heard so much about Culpeper.  However, the museum is about Culpeper and hot about the railroad.  Therefore, I there will not be a history of me making a visit to this museum.”

Ladies and gentlemen, not making a visit to the Museum of Culpeper History is a big mistake.  Why?

Yes, Culpeper is a town rich in history.  It is also a town rich in railroad history.  In Culpeper, the railroad played a big role in the American Civil War.  It is said that Culpeper helped build the railroad and the railroad helped build Culpeper.  The Orange and Alexandria Railroad arrived in 1853.  Passengers enjoyed a twenty-minute dinner stop at a place known as the Waverly Hotel.  The town grew into a major business and industrial town.  When you visit the Museum of Culpeper History, you will see exhibits on how the railroad played a major role in the town’s history and development.

Some of you are saying, “Alright!  You have given me enough reasons to visit the museum.”

But there is more.  The museum is located in the old train station.  Yes, this is the same train station built by the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.  It shares the depot with the Culpeper Visitor Center and the Amtrak Station.  Yes, you can still ride passenger trains from Culpeper.  The museum also features an old caboose from the Southern Railroad.

If you are in the northern and central regions of the U.S. state of Virginia, the Museum of Culpeper History is worth a visit.  You do not have to be a local to appreciate the museum.

The Museum of Culpeper History is located at 113 South Commerce Street inside the old train station in Culpeper, Virginia.  Two hour and three hour is available at the depot giving you enough time to visit the museum and maybe grab a bite to eat.  Admission is $5.00.  The museum is wheelchair accessible.  You can get more information at https://culpepermuseum.com/.

The next time you hear about the town of Culpeper, Virginia, think about a visit to the Museum of Culpeper History where the railroad played a big role in the town’s history.

Gordonsville, Virginia

Store Front in Gordonsville, Virginia

The town of Gordonsville is a small town near the center of the U.S. state of Virginia.  It is named after Nathaniel Gordon who was the town’s first postmaster and established a tavern here in 1794.  Some of the taverns famous visitors of the tavern was Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States of America and the drafter of the Declaration of Independence, James Madison, the fourth President of the United States of America and the author of the United States Constitution, and French Major General Marquis de Lafayette.  The tavern was the center of the town until something came along in 1840.  What changed the town?  We all know it as the railroad.

Through the 1800’s, Gordonville was the junction of two railroads: The Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Virginia Central Railroad.  It was also the western terminus of the Louisa Railroad and was once the westernmost railhead in Virginia.  The railroad not only made the town an economic center of the region, but it also played a critical role in the American Civil War for the Confederate Army supplying the troops in Richmond and Staunton.  Gordonsville was the home off the Exchange Hotel, a luxury hotel built in 1859 for passengers on the Virginia Central Railway.  In 1862, the hotel became a hospital for wounded Confederate soldiers who were brought here by train.

After the Civil War, the town continued to thrive, and it became the ‘Fried Chicken Capital of the Universe’.  How did the town get that title?  The railroad played a major role.  As trains passed through the town, women approached the train and served chicken and biscuits to the passengers on the train.

In the 1870’s the railroad lines were taken over by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway who also had shops in the town.  Passenger trains continued to pass through.

In 1916, a fire destroyed the town.  A new line was built through nearby Barboursville.  Gordonsville was no longer the economic center of the region.

Today, the trains still pass through the town now owned by CSX.  The train station that served passengers is gone, and passenger trains no longer stops here for passengers, but the yard tower still remains.  (It is not open to the public and is off limits to visitors.)  The freight depot is also still standing.  (It is not open to the public but can be seen from the street.  The passenger depot was between the freight depot and the tower.)  The railroad shops no longer exist.  The Exchange Hotel remains, but you cannot spend the night there.  Why?  It is a museum that displays the hotel as a hospital, but there is an exhibit that tells the history of the railroad in Gordonsville.  You can get more information about the museum and read more into the hotel’s history at https://www.theexchangehotelmuseum.org/.  There is the Magnolia House next to the tower that served as a hotel (not open to the public).  You can read more about the town of Gordonsville at https://www.townofgordonsville.org/.

Magnolia House

Gordonsville, Virginia is at the junction of U.S. Route 15 which goes through the historic district to the town’s attractions, restaurants and shops and U.S. Route 33.  It is part of the ‘Hallowed Ground’ driving tour which runs from Charlottesville, Virginia to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  The historic district is a Virginia Registered Landmark and is on the National Register of Historic Places.  The town may be quiet, but it still stands as a town at the crossroads of history.

The National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum, Coatesville, Pennsylvania

The Original Office Building of Lukens Steel, Home of the National Iron and Steel Heritage Center in Coatsville, Pennsylvania

The town of Coatesville in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania is 40 miles west of Philadelphia and 40 miles east of Lancaster.  It is a town on the Lincoln Highway commonly known as U.S. Route 30.  (U.S. Route 30 bypasses the town.  U.S. Business 30 follows the original Lincoln Highway through the town.)  The town’s name comes from a local farmer named Moses Coates whose son-in-law created the town.  One of the main features of the town is the arching railroad bridge (aqueduct) that crosses the West Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania Route 82, and a railroad line.  The town was the home of Lukens Steel Company, a company founded by Charles Lukens. What is great about Lukens Steel?  It was the first steel company to produce steel hulls for ships.  It went on to produce steel for major projects like the Walt Whitman Bridge in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the two World Trade Center Towers in New York City, New York.  When Charles Lukens passed away, his wife, Rebecca, took over the company making her the first woman in the United States of America to be a part of the iron industry and the first woman in the United States of America to be the chief operating officer of an industrial company.  Another accomplishment is that the company is the longest commissioned steel mill in the United States of America.

The Old Steel Factory of Lukens Steel

The original site of the Lukens Steel Company became the home of the National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum.  Here, you will see how the company came about how steel and iron are made and the many uses.  You can even get a tour of the different homes to include the home of Charles and Rebecca Lukens.  A visit to the National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum in Coatesville, Pennsylvania is a must see for anybody who is into the steel and iron industry.

Some of you are saying, “This is wonderful.  It is amazing to see the many accomplishments of the steel and Iron industry, and they chose this town to have the factory.  There is a problem.  As you can see, there is nothing about the railroad here.  Therefore, you will not see me here either.”

You are very mistaken.  The National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum has so much to do with the railroad.  The very first thing you will see when you enter the parking lot is a train with a steam locomotive pulling cars with steel items.  That is just the beginning.  This is the National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum at the former shops of the Lukens Steel Company.  What are rails made of?  They are made of steel, and they made rails for many railroads through the United States of America to include the Union Pacific Railroad and the New York Central System, and the steel was used to build the diesel locomotives, for steam locomotives from the boilers to the wheels, and to build the rolling stock.  Also, in the museum, you will see displays on how the railroad was used for the transport of steel products.  If that is not enough, you have model locomotives and rolling stock on display.  Lukens Steel Company is a major contributor to the railroad industry, and the railroad still serves the company as the company serves the railroad to this very day.  While you are at the museum, you may be fortunate enough to see a train go by.

The National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum was established to pay tribute to the steel industry in a town that was built around the industry that has been nicknamed the ‘Pittsburgh of the East’.  Along with the museum, there is also a monument dedicated to those who died at the World Trade Center in New York City, New York on September 11, 2001, consisting of steel from the factory that went to New York… and was brought back home.

Steel from the World Trade Center in New York City, Part of a Memorial

The National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum is in the original office building of the Lukens Steel Company at 50 South First Avenue in Coatesville, Pennsylvania.  It is just off Pennsylvania Route 82 and U.S. Business Route 30, and five miles south of U.S. Route 30.  It is open Monday to Saturday from 10:00am to 4:00pm.  Tours of the museum itself and the grounds are self-guided, but there are guided house tours that do require walking and crossing the street plus climbing stairs.  (Some of the houses are not handicap accessible.)  Parking is on site.  You can get information on admission and tours at https://steelmuseum.org/.

A Model of the Railroad at the Steel Factory

Are you up to visit the National Iron and Steel Heritage Museum?  There is much history about steel, and there is much history about the railroad.

A Model of the New York Central System Number 5343

Gaithersburg, Maryland

Old Train Station, Gaithersburg, Maryland

The town of Log Town in the U.S. state of Maryland was established 1765 as a small agricultural town of farmers on the ‘Great Road West’.  The town became famous for a large oak tree on the main road, and, in 1850, was named Forest Oak.  The town was centered on the ‘Great West Road’ until 1873.  What changed?  The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad had arrived.

The Old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Freight House

Area farmers were able to ship their produce to other towns.  It was named and incorporated as Gaithersburg in 1878 after Benjamin Gaither, a man who had built his home next to the oak tree.  The town grew around the railroad as a freight house and train station were built in 1884.  Gaithersburg became a summer getaway spot from Washington D.C. as the railroad was a means to escape from the big city.

As the years went by, Gaithersburg grew.  Today, it is a suburb of Washington D.C., and the farms that surrounded the town were taken over by tech companies as the region is one of the largest tech regions in the nation.  The ‘Great West Road’ is now Maryland Route 355.  As for the station and freight house, there is no freight in the freight house, and it now houses the Gaithersburg Community Museum, and the train station no longer serves passengers, well, it does.  It houses a coffee shop for commuters to downtown Washington D.C.  There is also a small park that features a steam locomotive Number 14 from the Buffalo Creek and Gauley Railroad, Caboose Number 904152 from the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, and a self-propelled passenger car from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.  Amtrak, unfortunately, does not stop here with the nearest stop in nearby Rockville, but you can still watch the Amtrak and CSX Trains roll by.

Number 14 of the Buffalo Creek and Gauley Railroad

The next time you here about Gaithersburg, Maryland, think of it as a suburb of Washington D.C. that was transformed by the railroad.

The Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad, Port Clinton, Pennsylvania

The Train at the Outer Station in Reading, Pennsylvania

The city of Reading in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania is a city that is commonly associated with the Reading Railroad, a railroad that once ran through much of eastern Pennsylvania.  The Reading Railroad is long gone with tracks absorbed by other railroads or have become rail trails.  The Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad runs freight service through northeastern Pennsylvania, but they also run a passenger train.

Although they are based in Port Clinton, Pennsylvania, the passenger train begins in Reading at a place called the ‘Outer Station’.  When you arrive, you see old Number 225 on display next to an old water tower.  Sadly, it will not be pulling the train.  You also see an old yard tower with the platform down below.  The train arrives at the station.  You board the train.  The train departs.  You pass by freight cars as you pull out of the yard and depart the city of Reading.  You pass through towns, by fields, over streams and rivers.  You get views of the Schuylkill River.  (This is the same Schuylkill River that flows into the Delaware River in Philadelphia.)  You go under bridges, and you arrive in Port Clinton.  Here is where you see the main yard and repair shops, and it is where the train picks up passengers.  (The town itself is across the river.)  From here, the train continues past more towns, more farms, and over more creeks, and then you arrive in the town of Tamaqua.  You see the old train station (now a restaurant), and the train picks up more passengers.

Now some of you are saying, “And we go past more farms, bridges, towns.  It is the same thing.”

But there is more.  When the train departs Tamaqua, is passes by the homes and businesses when it leaves the town.  It then comes upon a tunnel.  You pass by more towns and fields, and then you get the best view of the trip.  The train crosses the ‘One Story Trestle’.  (No, it does not get the name because somebody told one story while crossing the trestle.)  The train continues by more yards and coal mounds, and you arrive at the final destination.  You arrive in the town of Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania.

View from One Story Trestle

Some of you are saying, “This is cool.  We are now in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania.  I wonder if Jim Thorpe will greet us when we arrive.”

Turntable in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

Sadly, he passed away years ago.  Yes, it is named after the famous Olympian.  Although he is buried here and there is a monument to him here, it is unknown if he ever visited the town when he was alive.  Unfortunately, the monument is not within walking distance of the station.

The Train at the Old Central Railroad of New Jersey Depot in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

You arrive at the old Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal which remains at train station for the Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad as well as the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railroad, but it is also the town Visitor Center and a museum displaying the history of the town.

The Lehigh Valley Scenic Railroad Leaving Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

You are in the town of Jim Thorpe.  What is there to do here?

The Platform at the Old Central Railroad of New Jersey Depot in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

Jim Thorpe is known as one of the best small towns in the United States of America.  Be warned.  While here, you may fall in love with the town.  Diehard rail fans may choose to ride the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railroad which goes along the Lehigh River.  Then again, some of you are thinking that you have been on a train and will not want to ride another train.  Therefore, you can get a meal at the many great restaurants.  There are many great galleries and shops.  You can also get a tour of the Asa Packer Mansion, the home of Asa Packer, a man who helped bring the railroad to the town.  You can visit Saint Marks Church.  (Please note that you are required to climb steep hills to get to both locations.  The mansion is not wheelchair accessible.)  You can visit the old jail where a group of criminals known as the ‘Molly Maguires’ were hanged.  (The old jail is a long walk from the station and is not wheelchair accessible.)  There is also the Mauch Chunk Museum that tells the history of the town.  After you stroll around, you will have to return to the train and depart the town.

The Train Coming to the Depot in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

The Reading, Blue Mountain, and Northern Railroad passenger train is an enjoyable ride whether it is their rail diesel cars or cars being pulled by a locomotive.  No matter where you board whether in Reading, Port Clinton, or Tamaqua, you will see great scenery along the way.  You can go to https://www.rbmnrr-passenger.com/ to get more information on tickets, trains, boarding locations and the different excursions they run.

The Old Yard Tower at Outer Station in Reading, Pennsylvania

“Thank You for Your Service”

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Number 1961 at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland

The train was at the station.  The conductor was assisting passengers as they boarded the train.  A marine in uniform walked up to the conductor.  “Mr. Conductor, I thank you for your service.”

The conductor was puzzled.  “Thank you, but I should be saying that to you.”

“No, sir,” said the marine.  “Because of what you do, the baggage handlers do, the car cleaners do, the engineers do, the mechanics do, the chefs do, the servers do, the ticket agents do, the track repairers do, we are able to serve our nation in the United States Armed Forces.  Because of your work, we in the military are able to go to and from the battlefield.  Therefore, I thank you for your service.”

“Well,” said the conductor, “I am honored and happy to be at your service.  I hope you enjoy your journey.”

“Because of all of you,” said the marine, “I will.”

The marine boarded the train and went to his seat.

Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Caboose Number 90704 at the Hocking Valley Railway in Nelsonville, Ohio

I wish everyone a HAPPY LABOR DAY.

Norfolk and Western Railway Number 611 and 382 at the Strasburg Railroad in Gap, Pennsylvania

The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland

Most cities in the United States of America have a zoo.  The city of Baltimore in the U.S. state of Maryland is no exception.  It is the home of The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore.  Located in Druid Hill Park, it is a place where you can see animals from around the world.  It is a fun place to go with family and friend, or by yourself, and have an enjoyable time.

Flamingoes

Some of you are saying, “This is really nice.  You have a zoo that has animals.  It is fun to see the animals.  What I really want to see is trains.  Since the zoo has animals and no trains, let me say that I will not be having any fun at this place.”

“I Look Amazing”

So you have chosen not to visit The Maryland Zoo at Baltimore because you only visit places that have trains.  Yes, it has animals, just like any other zoo.  Here, you have the Maryland Wilderness where you see animals from the state of Maryland.  You have the Farmyard where you see animals from the farm.  You have the Polar Bear Watch where you see, of course, polar bears.  You have the Penguin Coast where you see, of course, penguins.  You have the African Journey area where you see lions, elephants, giraffes, zebras, and many African animals which include two white rhinos which are a new addition to the zoo.  You have the Chimpanzee Forest where you see the chimpanzees have fun.  You have the Jones Falls Zephyr.

Some of you are saying, “Wait a minute, the Jones Falls Zephyr?  That is a very strange name for an animal.  I have never heard of that one before.”

You just said that you would not visit The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore because there are no trains here.  Well, welcome aboard the Jones Falls Zephyr.  What is the Jones Falls Zephyr?  If you think it is a train, you are thinking correctly.  It is a miniature train with a replica C.P. Huntington steam locomotive that depart from the Jones Falls Station located inside the zoo.

You board the train.  You take your seat.  You see mini-longhorns in the pen to your right.  You go around the track.  You cross the first bridge.  You ride by the Chimpanzee Forest.  Then you return to the station.  Once you get off the train, you may be hungry.  You have your choice of eating at the Sidetrack, the Pizza Depot, or the Whistle Stop Grill.

Now you have a reason to visit The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore.  Therefore, you have no excuses.  Along with the animal habitats, you also have experiences that allow you to get up close to some of the animals including the penguins and the giraffes, and you can even feed some of the animals.

The Maryland Zoo is located at One Safari Place in Baltimore, Maryland.  It is minutes from Interstate 83 and ten minutes from downtown Baltimore.  Parking is free and on site.  The zoo is wheelchair accessible and so is the train.  There is an admission fee to enter the zoo.  The Jones Falls Zephyr and the other experiences cost extra.  Animal encounters may require reservations.  You can get all of the information you need at https://www.marylandzoo.org/.

Do you want to go to the zoo?  Sure you do.  Why?  Because the Jones Falls Zephyr is telling you to come.  That is why.

The East Broad Top Railroad, Rockhill Furnace, Pennsylvania

East Broad Top Number 17 at the Orbisonia Station

The U.S. state of Pennsylvania is known as the state where the United States of America began with the drafting and the signing of the Declaration of Independence at the Pennsylvania State House in the city of Philadelphia.  (It is Independence Hall today.) The state is also known for its coal mines and factories in small towns. In the central part of the state, the East Broad Top Railroad was a narrow gauge railroad constructed in the 1870’s to connect the mines and factories to the main line in the top of Mount Union, Pennsylvania. This continued until the 1950’s where the rail service began to decline. The line was abandoned.

Tracks to the Yard and Shops

In 1960, the East Broad Top Railroad began running excursions trains, and the excursions trains continued until 2011.  The line was abandoned for good.

Hopper Cars

Or was it?

Passenger Train at the Station

The Friends of the East Broad Top Railroad purchased the property, and railroad excursions returned in 2020.  The trains are running again.

The East Broad Top Railroad is the only narrow gauge railroad in the eastern United States and one of only a few east of the Mississippi.  Along with the train rides, you can also take a shop tour to see the old round house and the repair shops.

Number 17 of the East Broad Top Railroad

The East Broad Top Railroad is located at 421 East Meadow Street (Pennsylvania Route 994) in Rockhill Furnace, Pennsylvania just west of U.S. Route 552. Parking is on site. You can read more into the railroad at https://eastbroadtop.com/.

A Mountain Seen from the Train

The East Broad Top has returned.  Come and take a ride on America’s most authentic narrow gauge railroad.

Percival’s Island, Lynchburg, Virginia

The city of Lynchburg in the U.S. state of Virginia is a city of many treasures.  Among them is Percival’s Island.  Situated in the James River, it is a natural place in an urban city.  Part of Lynchburg’s Riverwalk, Percival’s Island surrounds you with nature.  Whenever you are in Lynchburg, make the trek to this island.

Downtown Lynchburg

Some of you are saying, “This is nice that this island is an oasis in an urban jungle.  The problem is that there are no trains on this island.  Therefore, I will not be trekking here.”

As some of you know, Lynchburg is rooted with railroad history, and CSX has a yard and shops here today.  What does this have to do with Percival’s Island?

The James River

You are walking along the Riverwalk Trail where it parallels the CSX line.  You come to a bridge to cross onto the island, but you notice something.  You say to yourself, “This looks like an old railroad bridge.”

Ladies and gentlemen, it is an old railroad bridge.  The path that runs across the island follows and old railroad line.  At the east end of the island, you cross on an old truss bridge.

Now you have a reason to visit Percival’s Island for other reasons than exercise and to see natural beauty.  Just think of it as an island that has the nature of the railroad.